Akharnes, officially the Federal Republic of Akharnes (Russian: Федеральная Республика Ахарнес), is a small European micronation, claiming a 2,2 sq. miles large island near Albania. Originally founded in 2011, "Slavania Republic" was renamed into the Principality of Akharnes a year later; and in 2013, Akharnes was reformed into a Federal Republic. The capital city of Joltovolk is planned for construction on Akharnian soil in the nearest future. From December 2012 to April 2013, Akharnes was a constituent nation of the Confederation of Saint Luke and Amager.
Akharnes is a member of several notable organizations, such as the GUM and the APM.
Although the administration of Akharnes is currently not present within its claims, and is located in a foreign base, the Republic affirms its statehood and describes itself as a sovereign nation.
History & StatehoodEdit
The independence of Slavania Republic was declared on July 7, 2011. On July 9, 2012, it was renamed into the Principality of Akharnes and in early 2013 it was reformed into a Republic. The Federal Republic of Akharnes bases its independence on the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, which sets out the definition, rights and duties of statehood. Most well-known is article 1, which sets out the four criteria for statehood:
The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications:
- a permanent population;
- a defined territory;
- capacity to enter into relations with the other states.
Furthermore, the first sentence of article 3 explicitly states that "The political existence of the state is independent of recognition by the other states."
The Establishment (July 2011 - November 2012) Edit
Akharnes, then known as Slavania, was founded by Edward Jacobs, who was later joined by Marko Damjanović. The main purpose for the founding of a micronation was the promotion of Pan-Slavism, of which Jacobs was a big supporter. From the first day of its founding, Akharnes proved to be a nation with an extremely peaceful and isolated foreign policy to the extent of having little contact with other micronations. However, in July 2012, Akharnes set up its own Ministry of Foreign Affairs with Marko Damjanovic and Edward Jacobs as its leaders. Within the next few months, Akharnes signed over 20 treaties of mutual agreement and co-operation and made even more informal allies, which led Akharnes to become a notable member of the micronational community.
After a more than a year of statehood, came the period of inactivity and poor governmental control. The number of citizens was constantly dropping, which made the government think about Akharnes' future and disestablishing the Republic was among the possible outcomes. Nonetheless, Edward Jacobs took all the necessary steps to prevent such, and as a result, instead of becoming defunct, on December 1st, 2012 Akharnes joined the Confederation of Saint Luke and Amager.
The Amagerian Era (December 2012 - April 2013) Edit
Akharnes was the first Slavic nation to join Amager. The beginning of Akharnes' integration was marked with several confusions and misunderstandings with the Federal Assembly, however by January 2013, Akharnes concluded its full integration and in February, Edward Jacobs took over the Conservative (National) Party of Amager.
On April 6th, 2013, following Doshevika's declaration of independence, the Confederation of Amager was dissolved by the Federal Assembly and Akharnes re-gained its full sovereignty.
Government and PoliticsEdit
The Federal Republic of Akharnes is a region with a republican form of government. Legislative power is exercised by the National Congress of Akharnes. Executive power, however is in the hands of the President. People elect a President who serves a term of five years. The National Congress members are appointed by the elected President and cannot be removed until he is in office. The President also appoints Ministers (known as Heads of Departments) and Mayors. Akharnes does not have a separate head of government. This position is de facto held by the President, although it can be transferred to the Vice-President for a certain amount of time with a Presidential decreee if needed.
|100px||2013||Centrism, Statism, Pan-Slavism, Patriotism||Edward Jacobs|
|100px||2013||Environmentalism, Grassroots Democracy||Nico Fors|
Akharnes' main claim is located on the Sazan Island off the Albanian coast. The 5.7 km2 island has previously served as a German military base in World War II, as a Soviet base during the rise of Communism in Albania and today it is a shared Italian-Albanian military base used for patrolling and tracking illegal immigration. Sazan Island can be seen from the city of Vlorë.
Akharnes is a member of the Antarctic Micronational Union and has land on the East Coast of Antarctica, called Kaldaria. It is currently the only potentially non-reachable claim of Akharnes.
Foreign Territories and Embassies Edit
The FRA currently has only one embassy, that is the Embassy of the FRA to the European Union. The Akharnian government is temporarily located within it.
An island near Albania with an area of 2,2 mi2 ( 5,7 km2). It lies between the Strait of Otranto and the entrance to the Bay of Vlora.
|40px||Area #33 of the AMU.|
Akharnian culture is a unique culture mainly influenced by Slavic and Turkic traditions. Akharnes has its own ConLang in the making, which shall be a Western Slavic language.
Orthodox Christianity is the main religion in Akharnes. Orthdox holidays are regarded as national holidays. There are also a Catholic and Muslim minorities.
Akharnian Cusine refers to the food which is considered tradional in Akharnes. A few of the most popular dishes in Akharnes are Plov and Kazy.
Akharnes is considered as one of the most athletic micronations. Basketball, ice hockey and soccer are amongst the various sports played by the Akharnians. The Joltovolk-based Basketball Club Spartak competes in the MicroLeague.
Full Diplomatic RelationsEdit
- 25px Waya Confederation - 12 April 2013
- 25px Noble Republic of Lurk - 13 April 2013
- 25px Mouzilo Empire - 14 April 2013
- 25px Federation of Dorién - 23 May 2013
- 25px Republic of Dradelia
- 25px Realm under Freya
- 25px Republic of Hasanistan
- 25px Hobartstown and Victoria
- 25px Union of Libereco
- 25px Republic of Molossia
- 25px People's Republic of Montania
- 25px Saint Edward and Zealand
||People||Edward Jacobs • Marko Damjanovic|
|System||President of Akharnes • National Congress|
|Political Parties||National Party of Akharnes|
||Language||Mirolian • Dradelian|
|Symbols||Akharnian State Awards • Symbols of Akharnes|
||National Armed Forces|